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National Postharvest Management Strategy

The global food security challenge is straight forward: by 2050 the
world must feed 9 billion people (Parfitt, Barthel, & Macnaughton,
2010). The demand for food will be 60 percent greater than it
is today. The United Nations has set ending hunger, achieving
food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable
agriculture as the second of its 17 Sustainable Development Goals
(SDGs) for the year 2030. While considerable attention is directed
towards increasing food production by 50–70 percent to meet
this target, one important and complementary factor that is often
forgotten is reducing food loss and food waste.
The third target under this goal (Target 12.3) calls for halving
per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels
and reducing food losses along production and supply chains
(including post-harvest losses) by 2030.
However, both approaches are necessary in any strategy to
address food security and avoid hunger. Since the start of the
surging food and market prices in 2006, the risk of intermittent
food shortage is becoming ever so more a reality. For low-income
food deficit countries such as Tanzania, factors such as persistent
low agriculture production, difficulties of addressing the effect
of climate change and inability to handle the financial burden
of high food prices in the context of limited access to credit are
all escalating the concerns for food insecurity. However, one
underlying factor that seems to be often forgotten is the effect of
post-harvest losses on exacerbating food insecurity and income
loss especially among small-scale farmers.

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