Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP) is the programme framework for developing agricultural sector and operationalizing the ASDS. It is part of the operational response to a set of policies and initiatives designed to re-orient and re-invigorate the national economy. ASDP is the main tool for central government for coordinating and monitoring agricultural development and for incorporating national reforms. It also establishes operational linkage between the Agricultural Sector Lead Ministries (ASLMs) and other national stakeholders as well as introducing more effective management systems.
ASDP forges the connection between the demand driven field based district planning processes, and the mobilization and monitoring of national and international investment in agriculture.
These changes require a transformation in the way public sector operates. These include improved critical analysis of projects and programmes, better understanding of farmers needs and risks determination to ensure that agriculture is profitable and heightened respect for the principles of good governance.
Key design principles envisioned in the ASDP include
Increasing control of resources by beneficiaries. It stresses the importance of increasing the voice of farmers in local planning processes and increasing their control in the design and implementation of priority investments and in the types of services that they need;
Pluralism in service provision. It aims at providing a wider choice in service provision to increase cost-effectiveness and competitions;
Results based resource transfers: Resource allocations to Local Government Authorities (LGAs) are done through transparent and equitable through adopting and extending the local government grant system;
Integration with government systems: Existing government financing and planning systems are used to ensure sustainability.
Financing of ASDP
The ASDP financing is through the General Budget Support (GBS), ASDP Basket Fund, Area Based Projects (PADEP, DASIP, ASPS and AMSDP) and Beneficiaries contributions. Private sector investment i.e. the resources mobilized by farmers, traders and processors to make agriculture happens contributes crucially to ASDP success. Financial year 2006/2007 was the first year in implementing the programme under Basket Fund arrangement
The Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS) was prepared in 2001 as a step forward towards laying the foundation for the ways to develop the agricultural sector, hence the national economy at large as well as poverty reduction especially in the rural areas. The primary objective of ASDS is to create an enabling and conducive environment for improving profitability of the sector as the basis for improved farm incomes and reduction of rural poverty in the medium and long-term.
The aim of ASDS is to achieve a sustained agricultural growth rate of 5 percent per annum primarily through the transformation from subsistence to commercial agriculture. The transformation is to be private sector led through an improved enabling policy environment and public expenditure. A key feature of the ASDS is the emphasis on district level demand in identification, management and implementation of project through the preparation of beneficiaries driven District Agricultural Development Plans (DADPs) as the most effective methodology for achieving local sustainable development.
The ASDS identified five strategic areas of intervention in the agricultural sector, namely (i) strengthening the institutional framework; (ii) creating favourable environment for commercial activities; (iii) identifying public and private sector roles in improving supporting services delivery; (iv) strengthening marketing efficiency; and (v) mainstreaming planning for agricultural development in other sectors.
The Agricultural Sector Lead Ministries (ASLMs) comprise of the Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives (the coordinating ministry); the Ministry of Industry Trade and Marketing; the Ministry of Livestock Development and the Prime Ministers Office- Regional Administration and Local Government (PMO-RALG). Their responsibilities are to (i) formulate and review sector policies and monitor performance (ii) provide and advise the implementation of regulatory services for crop and livestock development, marketing and farmers organizations; (iii) monitor performance of both public and private sector agricultural practices; (iv) contribute to the development and promotion of improved and sustainable agricultural services; (v) promote private sector role in primary production, processing, marketing and provision of agricultural services; and (vi) promote farmers organization
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania